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    Warren Mfg. Co., Warrenville, S.C.

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    The Eclipse Corliss Engine Group Classic Engineering Warren Mfg. Co., Warrenville, S.C.

    Title Warren Mfg. Co., Warrenville, S.C.
    Digital Collection Modern Cotton Mill Engineering
    Contributing Institution Richland County Public Library
    Identifier Cotton029
    Bibliographic Citation W.B. Whaley and Company. Modern Cotton Mill Engineering. Columbia, S.C.: State Company, 1903. Print.
    Transcription WARREN MFG. CO., WARRENVILLE, S. C. Capital, $500,000; Spindles, 33,000; Looms, 900. President, E. F. Verdery.
    In IHIS mill is located in South Carolina, at the junction corporated 1896, THIS nljn js located in South Carolina, at the junction of the- old Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta Railroad, and the South Carolina and Georgia Railroad, about twelve miles from the cit) of ^^313, Ga.
    It is situated between the tracks of these two railroads, on a beautiful clear stream 0f water.
    The mill is 127 foot wide-. 264 feet lone. 24 bays of 1.. feet, 8 inches each, and is four 1 • 1 _ ^ i. -h t Mil. stories high, 1 7 leet each.
    Con necting with this is the engine- room. pS l>\ 56, and the- boiler room, 36 l>v 69. The boiler room is built ol sufficient size to accommodate a battery ol boilers lor a second mill which tt is proposed to build in the future.
    The power lor operating this mill is furnished l>v a 1,000 horse power cross-corn pound condensing engine. The condenser is ol the- Spv ro-jet type, and operates under a head ol 10 feet.
    The power is distributed to the head shafting located in belt way through i'+ inch ropes ■ ■ > L-. WARRI x ■ [PAN> 1-1 11 ;« heated bv the Sturtevant system, and is equipped throughout with air moist,-nine apparatus, and I Jit* 171111 1 II* »l L.11 I' '11 I'll tected from fire by sprinkler and hydrant systems.
    Ihe sprinklers are supplied bv a to.ooo-gallon tank ,. , ,. lT1, ,.,,,,.rs The machine shop and lighting generators are driven from a jack shall located jn ocateel "1 " " • 1 • 1 • 1 1 -n nt of engine room.
    This shaft is driven from the mam engine when the mill is m operation, and another times bv a small high speed engine driving through friction clutch.
    This mill commenced operations in the summer ol 1898, and has been successfullj run ever since. List of Machinery I fsed. ,,,., ,. 11. Corliss Boilers and Engine.
    Knowles Fire Pump. Knowles Spyro-jel Condenser. Sturtevant Heating. [ones & Laughlin's Shafting. "\ T. Atherton Lappers.
    Pettee Cards and Drawing, with Metallic Rolls on Drawing. VVoonsocket Roving. Fales & fenks Spinning. Easton & Burnham Spoolers. I traper Warpers. Cohoes Slashers. I traper Rooms. Curtis & Marbh' Cloth Room Machine.
    The Eclipse Corliss Engine Group Classic Engineering

  • 2425Ukraine

    The Eclipse Corliss Engine Group Classic Engineering Cambridge Tribune Volume XXXVIII

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    The Eclipse Corliss Engine Group Classic Engineering Cambridge Tribune Volume XXXVIII
    Plant Differs from the Ordinary Commercial Boller-Room.
    The steady growth of a tall creamcolored chimney at the northerly end of the "new site of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology marks where the new boile:-hou.sc is being buP.t, ami with such rapidity that a month hence will see it in commission. The strain will then be available for drying the plastering that is being applied in quantity to the walls of the offices; study rooms and laboratories. The now plant will at the beginning develop about 2.00Q horse-power In steam. It is modelled on the lines of a very modern power hoqse but unusually condensed, being ten feet narrower than any other station of similar capacity. This narrowness Is because the building lies in the 90 foot strip belonging to Technology between Vassar street and the railway.
    Thi latter affords economical delivery of coal in large quantities, and witli mechanical stokers and otlfer appliances the coal is not handled by men at any stagre of its use. The boilei s lie transverse to the street and railway, being so placed in order to make more easy the addition of other boilers as the future needs of the growing Institute may demand. There will be 1,650 horse-power of new boiler. 1 - and 4(HI i emoved from Trinity place, the new ones being of the Babuock and Wilcox pattern, with HI ley stokers and working under forced draught. one especial feature will be that the boilers will be equipped for heavy overloading, which Is not to be taken In the sense that they will be other than exceedingly safe, but that they will be able bo evapoiate water to an almost unlimited extent in ratio to the Combustion.
    When not in demand any boiler will be automatically slowed down. There are features In this plant that make It different from ordinary commercial boiler rooms.* It will itself be a laboratory for the use '""of students, it will care for lighting, heating and power and will be built on the lines of a big central station. The laboratory use likely to demand a high peak fHad, which tlie establishment must be able, to care for, but at the same time, the load factor is comparatively low.
    The location of the plant, besides affording th" convenience and economy of direct coal (t-elive: ;-. is sullieiently fa: from *he educational and student portions ol the TechnMsffy assemblage <il structures to be no 'nuisance In point of dust, while the chimney will group Itself with the nearby commercial chimneys of the busy city The boilers are of the wrought-steel. Water-tube type, designed for 175 deg: ees working pressure and superbeating the steam 100 degrees F, an Important economy in the use of the steam turbine.
    Tlie stack measures t ■■< feet in Its bore and IS feet in outside diameter and when the enpping Is placed will stand 180 feet above Its base. To convey steam to the buildings .■ml laboratories where it will be needed a subway of re-in forced concrete is being built, about seven feet Square In Inside measurememts and 626 feet long. It Is to connect with the educational group bhrOUgih the administration building and from this the steam will be distributed to the points where it Is needed.
    For the present the supply will be a 20-lnch pipe for Utilitarian purposes, a ten-inch pipe for l'u*:Dishing the laborntories and n flw-inch return for water from condensation. For furnishing condensing water for the turbines a concrete main lias been laid. Thin conduit Is 30 inches in diameter, running back from thi' Charlei River BaSlll along Ule western edge of the great court.
    The Eclipse Corliss Engine Group Classic Engineering
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    Centennial Corliss Engine Groups: The Corliss Steam Engine of 1876

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    Centennial Corliss Engine Groups: The Corliss Steam Engine of 1876
    Introduction
    A full one hundred years removed from the signing of the Declaration of Independence, America celebrated in style. It was a celebration that was carefully planned years in advance, and it cost the country lots of time, money, and resources.
    Philadelphia was selected to host this great affair. Historically speaking, there was no better choice. In 1876, America was the home of the world’s fair - The Centennial Exhibition - to celebrate 100 years of American freedom. As all world’s fairs are, it was to be a showcase of cultures, both foreign and domestic, a grand stage for individual nation’s to show the rest of the world exactly "what they were made of," a lesson in diversity, and a celebration of that diversity.
    However, from what I have read, the Centennial Exhibition of 1876 did not quite capture the worldly sphere of influence that it had hoped for. Instead, it was a showcase of American strength, pride, and technology. The buildings were tremendous and beautiful. They all stood firm with an awesome presence. But, there was one building in particular that held a special significance. It is possible that even the people who visited the fair did not grasp its importance. Inside Machinery Hall stood a huge mechanical wonder. Not only was it the main attraction at the Centennial, but the Corliss Steam Engine signified the end of an era, and the beginning of another.
    For six months, visitors from all around the world walked through the fair grounds, just taking in the magnificent sights and exhibits. The Main Building contained an art gallery that included works from the finest artists in the world. It was practically impossible to take in the entire gallery in one day (Crew 409). There was a building for virtually every state in the union and each tried to emulate the style and character of the state. There was a buildings for agriculture and horticulture. The fair was simply immense. But, at the center of it all was the Corliss Engine. Thousands of people a day would come and stare at the sheer power and grace it exhibited. It was a symbol of the very power that it possessed.
    The Engine Itself
    George H. Corliss was an inventor from Providence, Rhode Island. Although he is not responsible for the invention of the steam engine, he is responsible for bringing the phenomena to Fairmount Park in 1876. He also was the first to implement the vertical style, double-acting style steam engine. Work on the engine was completed on April 10, 1876 and it was slowly transported to Machinery Hall. It was assembled there on a five foot high platform in the center of the immense room. It stood in excess of forty-five feet above the floor and has cylinders of four-four inches in diameter with a ten foot stroke. Another characteristic is the huge fifty-six ton, thirty feet in diameter, and twenty-four inch face, flywheel which made up to thirty-six revolutions per minute (McCabe 158). The engine was connected to and powered hundreds of machines that were spread out over the 13 acres of Machinery Hall. On the opening day of the fair, there was a ceremonial "starting of the engine." Thousands gathered in the building to watch as President Ulysses Grant and Emperor Dom Pedro each pulled a lever to send the Corliss Steam engine silently into motion. Within seconds, all the machines in the hall were working. These machines performed all sorts of tasks including combing wool, spinning cotton, tearing hemp, printing newspapers, lithographing wallpaper, sewing cloth, manufacturing envelopes, sawing logs, making shoes, and pumping water (Brown 129).
    Significance of the Corliss Engine
    At the exhibition, the Corliss engine was the main attraction. However, in the overall picture, it signified much more than that. In 1876, the Industrial Age was looming on the world’s horizon, and the United States was ready to be associated with it. The Corliss engine was looked at with pride by Americans. "It was a symbol of the grandeur and strength of the American people" (130). Many spectators believed that the Corliss symbolized the Centennial, and with it, American civilization. It showed the enterprising American spirit that was building and was clearly recognized by foreigners (Daumas 727). Standing at the site of the engine, one observer noted that "one cannot fail to utter his pride and content...it is still in these things of iron and steel that the national genius most freely speaks" (Sutherland 266). However, the significance did not stop with nationalism. This great showing of mechanical power represented the death of an old era of individual handicrafts, and a birth of a new industrial era which would transform the world (Brown 130).
    Centennial Corliss Engine Groups: The Corliss Steam Engine of 1876
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