Tinker – In Ireland and Scotland, this word means gypsy. Colloquially, however, it may also mean a mischievous person.
Pillock – Idiot or foolish person.
Blunderbuss – A pistol with little range, but deadly accuracy.
Cutlass – A short sword with a slightly curved blade, formerly used by sailors.
Musket – A light gun with a long barrel, typically smooth-bored and fired from the shoulder.
Brig – A two-masted square-rigged ship, typically having an additional lower fore-and-aft sail on the gaff and a boom to the mainmast.
Man-o’-war – A heavily-armed warship.
Schooner – a sailing ship with two or more masts, typically with the foremast smaller than the mainmast
Privateer – an armed ship owned and crewed by private individuals holding a government commission and authorized for use in war, especially in the capture of merchant shipping.
Quarter-master – a naval petty officer with particular responsibility for steering and signals.
Buccaneer – a pirate, originally one operating in the Caribbean.
The New World – the western hemisphere: the hemisphere that includes North America and South America.
Apoplexy – unconsciousness or incapacity resulting from a cerebral haemorrhage or stroke.
Apothecary – a person who prepared and sold medicines and drugs.
Shanty – a song with alternating solo and chorus, of a kind originally sung by sailors while performing physical labour together.
Ballad – a poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas. Traditional ballads are typically of unknown authorship, having been passed on orally from one generation to the next.
Wench – a girl or young woman. Or a prostitute.
Wyrd sister – reference to the Three Witches in Shakespeare’s play, Macbeth.
The Scottish Play – Another name for Macbeth.
Mutiny – open rebellion against the proper authorities, especially by soldiers or sailors against their officers.
Maroon – leave (someone) trapped and alone in an inaccessible place, especially an island.
Gibbet – an upright post with an arm on which the bodies of executed criminals were left hanging as a warning or deterrent to others.
Leviathan – (in biblical use) a sea monster, identified in different passages with the whale and the crocodile (e.g. Job 41, Ps. 74:14), and with the Devil (after Isa. 27:1).
Mermaid – a mythical sea creature with the head and trunk of a woman and the tail of a fish, conventionally depicted as beautiful and with long flowing golden hair.