Nihongo - Let's Learn Grammar

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  • 公開済み: 21 8 2013
  • アップデートされたもの: 14 7 2015
  • 状況: 完了
This movella teaches you straightforward the grammar of Japanese. From 助詞 to 動詞, you will be able to get a complete and organised movella that includes all major particles and essential grammatical usages to make cool Japanese sentences! 行きましょうね!


7. か • Question Particle; Stating Questions

This is another very important particle to know. You have probably gotten this particle down pat, but there are some stuff that you don't normally use with か. 行きましょう!



This particle has one job: to mark an interrogative statement (meaning, turn it into a question). This will always be at the end of an entire sentence.


お~= Honourific prefix

元気 【げん・き】= Fine, Healthy


• お元気です。= How are you? (Lit. Healthy?)

• 昼ごはんを食べました。= Did you eat lunch?


Note that, in Japanese, there is no need to have a question mark at the end whenever か ends the sentence. This is the traditional way of punctuation in Japanese, but usually the question mark with か is a way of emphasising a question. Be aware that if you do not end a question with か, you will need to have the question mark end your sentence.


• いつ行きます。 = When are you going?

• いつ行きます? = When are you going?

Do not think that just by adding a question mark that it will always be a correctly made question! Adding the question mark to substitute the か is usually done in everyday conversation amongst others and should not be used to create formal or regular questions.



Interrogating an Interrogative

We do this all the time in English. Whenever you use the "Who," "What," "When," "Where," "Why," and "How" pronouns in a statement (eg., "I don't know what to do today"), you are using an interrogative statement—an oxymoron, if you will.


Below, you use the particle か to transform an interrogation into a statement:


[(Interrogative pronoun) + clause] + か + statement.


何 【なに/ん】= What

分かる 【わ・かる】= To understand

昨日 【き・のう】= Yesterday

行く 【い・く】= To go

思い出す 【おも・い・だ・す】= To remember (Recall)


• 何をする分かりません。= I don't know what to do today.

• 昨日どこに行った思い出せません。= I can't remember where I went yesterday.


Always make sure the particle か comes after any interrogative clause that you're making a statement with; otherwise, it will become a run-on sentence or incorrectly stated.



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