Nihongo - Let's Learn Grammar

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  • 公開済み: 21 8 2013
  • アップデートされたもの: 14 7 2015
  • 状況: 完了
This movella teaches you straightforward the grammar of Japanese. From 助詞 to 動詞, you will be able to get a complete and organised movella that includes all major particles and essential grammatical usages to make cool Japanese sentences! 行きましょうね!

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6. を • Direct Object Particle

This particle is very, very important to understand. You will most likely use this particle just as much as you use "Is," "Will," or "Are" and such in English.

 

 

This particle is actually not so confusing, but there will be times where you hear them when you least expect it. You use the particle を when you are marking the direct object for the verb. The reason this particle does pop up when you least expect it is because it can sometimes substitute the particle が in the language, but I won't go over that in this chapter.

 

食べる 【た・べる】= To eat

寿司 【す・し】= Sushi

本 【ほん】= Book

読む 【よ・む】= To read

 

• 寿司食べています。= Eating sushi.

• 読みます。=Read (a) book(s).

 

Notice how these objects marked with the particle を are being, say, "apprehended" by the verb. The sushi gets eaten, or the book is being read. In English, this style of writing is called the passive-causative verb, where the verb is being executed upon the object and being tossed around at the verb's content. Of course, Japanese has its own passive-causative style of writing, so thinking that the particle を constructs them the way I explained it will severely hurt your learning. So, to remember, just think of を as the direct object particle, as it's taught in textbooks and classrooms.

 

を Let's You Roam Around

Yes, it sure does! The particle を is also used to move about the thing you marked it with. Be careful, though. The language restricts this usage only for motion verbs. "Walk," "run," and "fly" are the most frequently used motion verbs that apprehend the を-marked object in this particular context.

 

街 【まち】= Town

空 【そら】= Sky

歩く 【ある・く】= To walk

飛ぶ 【と・ぶ】= To fly

 

• 歩いています。= Walking through town.

• 飛びます。= Fly through the sky.

 

If translated literally, English will tell you, "Walking the town," or "Flying the sky." To help with interpreting instead of translating and labelling, think of this usage of を for a mass for a verb to move about on.

 

を has one function: to mark the direct object that the verb will execute itself on.

 

 

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