Prevalent Forms of Traditional Indian Art

Art is deep rooted in all Indians which can be traced back to second century B.C. India has always been a regular contributor in the field of art. The art work of this country, be it paintings or sculptures, has always gathered appreciation from people residing around the globe. Traditional Indian Art forms are unique, admirable and inimitable in their own might and this inspires today’s modern artists. In this section, we will acquaint you with forms that are still practiced in parts of the country.

Art is deep rooted in all Indians which can be traced back to second century B.C. India has always been a regular contributor in the field of art. The art work of this country, be it paintings or sculptures, has always gathered appreciation from people residing around the globe. Traditional Indian Art forms are unique, admirable and inimitable in their own might and this inspires today’s modern artists. In this section, we will acquaint you with forms that are still practiced in parts of the country.

Madhubani Painting: Also known as Mithila painting originated in Maithili, a small village in Bihar, India. Initially, this genre of traditional Indian art was practiced by folk women; they drew paintings on the walls of their home, as an illustration of their thoughts and dreams. In general, these paintings revolve around men & its association with nature and the scenes & deity from the ancient epics also some people includes aspects of their daily life which make this art form more captivating.

Miniature Painting: A traditional Indian Art form, known for exquisite brushwork, practiced in parts of Rajasthan. This art form involves a high level of detailing celebrating every aspect of the medieval ages. These paintings revolve around the life of royal kings, court scenes, elephants, brave fights, and bejeweled women.

Phad painting: Phad painting is originated in Rajasthan, a form of scroll painting generally 15-30 ft. long. Earlier natural colors derived from vegetables and minerals were used but today acrylics are more prevalent. This art form narrates the lives and heroic deeds of deities Pabuji or Devnarayan.

Warli Art: A tribal art genre originated by the Warli tribes from the Western Ghats of India. This art form is still practiced in parts of Maharashtra. Circle, triangle and other geometric shapes can be seen in these paintings resembling natural observations, like circles represent sun, moon and triangles represent mountain peaks and trees. Depictions of the mother goddess as the symbol of fertility and scenes of hunting, fishing, and farming are of common themes. Warli art is earthy and soothing as it takes you back to the painting’s provenance where you could almost smell the wet soil and appreciate meticulous brush stroke of the artist who created the artwork. People enthralled by this art form use them in designing their hotels and resorts that adds elegance to their place.

Gond Art: This art form belongs to the largest Adivasi community in India, whose origin can be traced to the pre-Aryan era. This art form is still in practice in parts of Madhya Pradesh. Artists have created unprecedented depictions of their natural and mythological worlds, traditional songs and oral histories which are rich in detail, color, mystery and humor.

Tanjore painting: This beautiful traditional Indian Art form has been popular from the 16th century in Southern India. Tanjore paintings are rich in color and composition. These paintings are adorned with opulent stones, glass pieces and polish of gold which glitters and lends the painting a surreal look. Hindu deities with large round, divine faces and their living are the main accent of these paintings.

Kalamkari: Kalamkari, a word derived from a Persian word where ‘kalam’ means pen and ‘Kari’ refers to craftsmanship. So Kalamkari is a technique of drawing with pen. It was initially practiced on cloth then on paper. It involves formation of motifs that extends from flowers, trees and peacock to divine characters of Hindu epics.

Patachitra: A cloth-based scroll painting is originated in 5th century BC which resembles the old murals of Odisha and West Bengal. It appears to be a unique blend of classical and folk elements of epics, Gods and Goddesses that are represented with sharp, angular bold lines. The dressing styles of characters in this painting have influence of the Mughal era.

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