What the Fox Says

by , Tuesday September 20, 2016
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What the Fox Says

 

On Grammar

 

 

Okay, so here's the deal.

 

Grammar. We use it every day, whether we realise it or not. Things like saying 'We are going to Tesco,' instead of 'To Tesco  we are going,'. It's just all these tiny, tiny little things that you don't even realise you're doing, but that, if you didn't do them, would just ear-bleed the heck out of everyone.

 

We use it correctly almost all the time in spoken conversation, so why is grammar often incorrect when written down? It's because we naturally just write things down phonetically, and go by what we already know, which is how it's said. But written grammar is a lot harder than spoken grammar. We hear spoken word around us all the time, and we can speak long before we are taught how to read and write. And we take in information a lot better when we're younger, and learn much quicker.

 

But this isn't a science lesson about the capacity of brain cells or whatever. No. This is about correct grammar in writing.

 

Here are some of the basic grammar rules that a lot of people actually seem to miss out:

IN DIALOGUE

Okay, so, in dialogue, write it how the character would say it. While they are speaking, rules of grammar don't have to be as strict, because not everybody talks with absolutely perfect grammar. However, for dialogue in writing, there are some rules.

For example, at the end of the bit of dialogue, you can use exclamation points, question marks, full stops, or commas. However, the important part is knowing when to use these.

Exclamation and question marks work as they would in normal writing. You can use exclamation marks in very exciting or emotional bits of dialogue, and question marks are used for questions, of course. Now, commas and full stops. This is the tricky bit.

Commas are used for when the writing after the dialogue  is a tag, saying who said it or how they said it. For example:

' "This is my house," she said.'

On the other hand, full stops are used for when actions happen the dialogue, saying what, not who. For example:

' "This is my house." She turned the key in the lock.'

 

See? Got that? Moving on.

 

SIMILAR WORDS

 

This section is about words such as your, you're, their, they're, there etc.

This bit's kind of simpler, but so many people get it confused, so I figured it might as well be in here.

 

So, when are all these words supposed to be used?

YOUR: Used when something belongs to someone. Example: This is YOUR pencil.

YOU'RE: Used to say when someone is something, an abbreviation of 'you are'. Example: YOU'RE annoying.

THEIR: Used to say when something belongs to someone, or if it's of an opinion they have. Example: This is THEIR favourite TV show.

THEY'RE: Abbreviation of 'they are', used when someone is something, usually followed by an adjective. Example: THEY'RE very clever.

THERE: Opposite of here, when something is in a place. Example: The coffee mug is over THERE.

 

 

Finally, abbreviations of words.

Abbreviations can be used for a variety of things, the most common of these being to shorten words, or to merge two or more than two words into one. For example:

 

CAN'T: Can not.

DON'T: Do not.

SHAN'T: Shall not.

WON'T: Will not.

SHOULDN'T: Should not.

WOULDN'T: Would not.

COULDN'T: Could not.

THAT'D: That would.

THAT'S: That is.

IT'D: It would.

IT'S: It is.

 

Abbreviations are also used for saying when something belongs to something or someone. For example:

 

Emma's shoe: The shoe of Emma/the shoe that belings to Emma.

Its screen: The screen of it/the screen that belongs to it.

 

I hope this article helps you, dudes. If you have any questions, just ask me them! :)

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